Plasticity: from Crystal Lattice to Macroscopic Phenomena
L. B. Zuev, S. A. Barannikova, V. I. Danilov, and V. V. Gorbatenko
Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science, SB of the RAS, 2/4, Akademicheskiy Ave., 634055 Tomsk, Russian Federation
Received 10.11.2020; final version — 10.02.2021 Download PDF
New representations concerning plasticity physics in crystals are discussed. The model of plastic flow is suggested, which can describe its main regularities. With the use of the experimental investigation, it is shown that the plastic flow localization plays the role in the evolution of plastic deformation. Obtained data are explained with the application of the principles of nonequilibrium-systems’ theory. The quasi-particle is introduced for the description of plasticity phenomenon. It is established the relation between plasticity characteristics of metals and their position in Periodic table of the elements. A new model is elaborated to address localized plastic-flow evolution in solids. The basic assumption of the proposed model is that the elementary plasticity acts evolving in the deforming of medium would generate acoustic emission pulses, which interact with the plasticity carriers and initiate new elementary shears. As found experimentally, the macrolocalization of plastic flow involves a variety of autowave processes. To address the phenomenon of localized plastic-flow autowaves, a new quasi-particle called ‘autolocalizon’ is introduced; the criterion of validity of the concept is assessed.
Keywords: alloys, deformation, creep, self-organization, strength, plasticity, localization, failure.
Citation: L. B. Zuev, S. A. Barannikova, V. I. Danilov, and V. V. Gorbatenko, Plasticity: from Crystal Lattice to Macroscopic Phenomena, Progress in Physics of Metals, 22, No. 1: 3–57 (2021)